Virginia Timeshare Foreclosure and Right to Cancel Laws

Learn about Virginia timeshare foreclosure laws, right to cancel laws, and other timeshare contract laws.

Virginia law provides consumers with a number of protections when it comes to timeshare transactions. For instance, if you buy a timeshare in Virginia and then want to back out of the deal, state law gives you the right to cancel the contract—but you only get a week to do so. Also, the timeshare developer must disclose specific information to you, including general information about the timeshare project, information about the timeshare exchange program, if there is one, and certain information about prizes and gifts, if they’re offered as part of a timeshare advertisement.

Even though Virginia law provides quite a few protections for timeshare purchasers, you still need to be cautious when buying a timeshare, and you should understand that if you don't make your timeshare mortgage or assessments payments, you might lose your timeshare to a foreclosure.

Read on to learn more about the most significant aspects of Virginia’s timeshare laws.

Public Offering Statement

A public offering statement contains basic information about the timeshare development. In Virginia, the timeshare developer must provide you with a copy of the public offering statement before you sign the timeshare purchase contract. (Va. Code Ann. § 55.1–2217).

The public offering statement must disclose specific information about the timeshare to you, including:

  • the developer's name and principal address
  • the name and address of the developer's agent for service of any notice allowed under the law
  • a copy of the annual budget for the project, and
  • a statement that you have a nonwaivable right of cancellation, which refers you to that portion of the contract in which such right can be found. (Va. Code Ann. § 55.1–2217).

Your Right to Cancel a Timeshare Contract in Virginia

Virginia law states that you may cancel a timeshare contract until midnight of the seventh calendar day after signing the contract. If the seventh calendar day falls on a Sunday or a legal holiday, then the right to cancel the contract expires on the day immediately following that Sunday or legal holiday. (Va. Code Ann. § 55.1–2221).

How to Cancel a Virginia Timeshare Contract

You may cancel the contract by either:

  • hand-delivering the cancellation notice to the developer at its principal office or at the project (the resort), or
  • mailing the cancellation notice by certified United States mail, return receipt requested, to the developer or its agent designated in the contract. The notice is considered effective as of the date postmarked. (Va. Code Ann. § 55.1–2221). (Get more information about canceling a timeshare purchase, see How Do I Cancel a Timeshare Contract?)

Refunds

If you cancel, the developer can’t charge a penalty and must refund all of the money you paid within 45 days after receiving your notice of cancellation. (Va. Code Ann. § 55.1–2221).

Disclosures Regarding Timeshare Exchange Programs

One of the common features of timesharing is the ability to exchange your timeshare week—or other designated period of time—for someone else’s.

In Virginia, a developer that offers an exchange program among timeshare owners must give certain disclosures to program participants including:

  • a statement of whether membership or participation in the program is voluntary or mandatory, and
  • that the purchaser's contract with the exchange company is a contract separate and distinct from the purchaser's contract with the developer, among other things. (Va. Code Ann. § 55.1–2217).

Disclosures Regarding Gifts and Prizes

Sometimes, timeshare sellers offer gifts or prizes to potential buyers to get them to attend a sales presentation. In Virginia, any timeshare advertisement that offers a gift or prize must disclose certain information such as:

  • the retail value of the prize
  • the odds of winning
  • whether you have to attend a sales presentation to receive the gift or prize
  • the date the offer expires, and
  • a statement that the offer is being made for the purpose of selling timeshares. (Va. Code Ann. § 55.1–2218).

Escrow Account Required in Timeshare Transactions

In Virginia, any earnest money deposit or advance made in connection with the purchase or reservation of a timeshare must be held in escrow. (Va. Code Ann. § 55.1–2303).

Virginia Timeshare Foreclosures

Timeshare purchasers sometimes take out a loan to finance their purchase of a timeshare. You should be aware that if you don't make your timeshare mortgage payments, you could lose your timeshare to a foreclosure.

In addition to monthly mortgage payments, timeshare owners are ordinarily responsible for maintenance fees, special assessments, utilities, and taxes, collectively referred to as “assessments.” If you fail to keep up with the assessments, you might also face foreclosure. (Find out more in Can a Timeshare Be Foreclosed for Nonpayment of Fees or Assessments?)

Virginia Timeshare Laws

The Virginia Real Estate Timeshare Act governs timeshare transactions in Virginia. To find the Virginia statutes that address timeshare transactions, go to http://lis.virginia.gov and click on “Code of Virginia.” The statutes covering timeshares used to be located in Title 55, but in 2019, the state legislature amended the Code to add Title 55.1. As of October 1, 2019, you can find Virginia’s timeshare laws in that title.

Talk to a Lawyer

If you want more information about timeshare laws in your state or need assistance canceling a timeshare, consider talking to a real estate attorney. If you’re facing a timeshare foreclosure and have questions about the process, contact a foreclosure attorney.

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