Trademark Class 2: Paints and Varnishes

Choose Class 2 for paints, colorants and preparations used for the protection against corrosion.

The U.S. Patent and Trademark Office (PTO), the federal agency that oversees the registration of federal trademarks, divides marks into 45 different "classes" of products or services. The purpose of these classes is to allow different types of businesses to register their trademarks into categories most related to their core business. Class 2 includes mainly paints, colorants, and preparations used for the protection against corrosion.

For a complete listing of all goods in Class 2, see below. For more information about trademarks and federal registration, see Nolo's articles on Trademark law.

Examples of Trademarks in Class 2

FROG COAT (Waterproof paints), BLACKGOLD (Protective Coatings), JUST ONCE (Protective coatings), and INKODYE (Colorants and color pigments) are all good examples of Class 2 marks.

You would choose Class 2 if you were registering any of these types of goods:

  • paints, varnishes and lacquers for industry, handicrafts and arts
  • dyestuffs for clothing, or
  • colorants for foodstuffs and beverages.

You would not use Class 2 if you were registering:

  • unprocessed artificial resins (Class 1)
  • laundry blueing (Class 3)
  • cosmetic dyes (Class 3)
  • paint boxes (articles for use in school) (Class 16), or
  • insulating paints and varnishes (Class 17).

Related or Coordinated Classes

If you are not sure whether you should register in Class 2, you might also consider the following “coordinated” classes: Class 17 - Rubber Products, Class 19 - Building Materials, Class 35 - Advertising and Business Services, Class 37 - Construction and Repair Services, Class 40 - Material Treatment Services, and Class 42 - Science and Technology Services.

A coordinated class is one that is related to another class, usually because the PTO has determined that applicants filing with Class 2 often file in these other classes, too.

Remember that the trademark class system will also affect the amount of your total registration fee. For each class of goods or services that you register, you must pay a separate fee. So if you apply for a trademark for posters (Class 16) and shirts (Class 25), you must pay two fees.

You must indicate the correct class at the time you are applying for a trademark registration. If you list the incorrect class, you must start the application process over.

Your registrations are restricted to those classes that encompass the goods or services you are already offering (as shown by the specimens you submit) or that you plan to offer (if you are registering on an intent-to-use basis). You may also need information about the class number in order to narrow a search of the PTO's trademark database.

Furnishing Specimens for Class 2

If the mark is used in commerce, you must furnish a specimen of the mark as consumers see it. The specimen must show the mark as used on or in connection with the goods in commerce. A trademark specimen should be a label, tag, or container for the goods, or a display associated with the goods. A photocopy or other reproduction of a specimen of the mark as actually used on or in connection with the goods is acceptable.

In most cases, where the trademark is applied to the goods or the containers for the goods in Class 2 by means of labels, a label is an acceptable specimen. Shipping or mailing labels may be accepted if they are affixed to the goods or to the containers for the goods and if proper trademark usage is shown. They are not acceptable if the mark as shown is merely used as a trade name and not as a trademark. An example of this is the use of the term solely as a return address.

Stamping a trademark on the goods, on the container, or on tags or labels attached to the goods or containers, is a proper method of trademark affixation. The trademark may be imprinted in the body of the goods, as with metal stamping; it may be applied by a rubber stamp; or it may be inked on by using a stencil or template. When a trademark is used in this manner, photographs or facsimiles showing the actual stamping or stenciling are acceptable as specimens.

The terminology “applied to the containers for the goods” means applied to any type of commercial packaging that is normal for the particular goods as they move in trade. Thus, a showing of the trademark on the normal commercial package for the particular Class 2 goods is an acceptable specimen. For example, gasoline pumps are normal containers or “packaging” for gasoline.

A specimen showing use of the trademark on a vehicle in which the goods are marketed to the relevant purchasers may constitute use of the mark on a container for the goods, if this is the normal mode of use of a mark for the particular goods.

Complete Listing of All Goods in Class 2 Based on Taxonomy

  • Dyes, colorants, pigments and inks, alizarine dyes, aniline dyes, annotto [dyestuff]/annatto [dyestuff], auramine, carbon black [pigment], cobalt oxide [colorant], cochineal carmine, colophony, colorants/dyestuffs, dyes, dyewood/coloring [colouring] wood, dyewood extracts/wood dyestuffs, engraving ink, fixatives for watercolors [watercolours]/fixatives for watercolors/fixatives for watercolors, gamboge for painting, indigo [colorant], ink for leather, ink for skin-dressing, lamp black [pigment], marking ink for animals/marking inks for animals, mordants, orange lead/litharge, paper for dyeing Easter eggs, pigments, printers' pastes [ink]/printing compositions [ink], printing ink, red lead/minium, saffron [colorant], shoe dyes, siccatives [drying agents] for paints, sienna earth, silver emulsions [pigments], soot [colorant], stains for leather/mordants for leather, sumac for varnishes, titanium dioxide [pigment], toner cartridges, filled, for printers and photocopiers, toners [ink] for photocopiers/ink [toner] for photocopiers, turmeric [colorant], whites [colorants or paints], wood mordants, wood stains, yellowwood [colorant], zinc oxide [pigment].
  • Food and beverage colorings, caramel [food colorant], colorants for beverages, colorants for butter, colorants for beer, colorants for liqueurs, food dyes/food colorants, malt colorants, malt caramel [food colorant].
  • Thinners and thickeners for coatings, dyes and inks, binding preparations for paints/agglutinants for paints, Canada balsam, thickeners for paints, thinners for paints, thinners for lacquers, turpentine [thinner for paints], Coatings, aluminum powder for painting, badigeon, coatings [paints], protective preparations for metals, silver paste.
  • Metal in foil and powder form, bronze powder/bronze powder [paint], gildings, metal foil for painters, decorators, printers and artists, metals in powder form for painters, decorators, printers and artists, silver foil [leaf], silvering powders.
  • Paints and washes, aluminum paints, anti-fouling paints, asbestos paints, bactericidal paints, ceramic paints, coatings for roofing felt [paints]/coatings for tarred felt [paints], distempers, enamels for painting/enamel paints, fireproof paints, glazes [paints, lacquers], lime wash, repositionable paint patches, paints, primers, white lead, whitewash, wood coatings [paints].
  • Lacquers and varnishes, bitumen varnish, black japan, bronzing lacquers, copal varnish, enamels [varnishes], fixatives [varnishes], lacquers, varnishes.
  • Preservatives, anti-corrosive preparations, anti-corrosive bands, anti-rust preparations for preservation, anti-rust greases, anti-rust oils, anti-tarnishing preparations for metals, carbonyl [wood preservative], creosote for wood preservation, oils for the preservation of wood/preservative oils for wood, undercoating for vehicle chassis/undercoating for chassis of vehicles/undersealing for chassis of vehicles/undersealing for vehicle chassis, wood preservatives.
  • Raw natural resins, copal, gum resins, gum-lac/shellac, mastic [natural resin], natural resins, raw, sandarac.

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