Employment Discrimination in New Jersey

Avoid employment discrimination against protected classes in New Jersey.

What are the protected classes in New Jersey?

In all 50 states, federal law makes it illegal to discriminate based on:

  • Race
  • Color
  • National origin
  • Religion
  • Sex (including pregnancy, childbirth, and related medical conditions)
  • Disability
  • Age (18 to 70)
  • Citizenship status
  • Genetic information

In addition, New Jersey state law also prohibits discrimination based on:

  • Race
  • Color
  • National origin
  • Religion
  • Sex (including pregnancy, childbirth, and related medical conditions)
  • Disability: past or present physical or mental
  • Age (18 to 70)
  • Genetic information
  • Marital status (includes civil union or domestic partnership status)
  • Sexual orientation (includes affectional orientation and perceived sexual orientation)
  • AIDS/HIV
  • Atypical hereditary cellular or blood trait
  • Military service
  • Accompanied by service or guide dog
  • Gender identity
  • Unemployed status

How many employees must a company in New Jersey have to be subject to antidiscrimination laws?

Under federal law, companies with 15 or more employees are covered by Title VII, the primary law prohibiting employment discrimination, the Americans with Disabilities Act, which prohibits discrimination on the basis of disability, and the Genetic Information Nondiscrimination Act, which prohibits discrimination based on genetic information. Companies with 20 or more employees are subject to the Age Discrimination in Employment Act (ADEA), the federal law that prohibits discrimination against employees 40 years or older. Companies with four or more employees must comply with the employment discrimination provisions of the Immigration Reform and Control Act, which prohibits discrimination on the basis of citizenship status. And all companies of any size must pay men and women equally for doing equal work, by virtue of the Equal Pay Act.

In New Jersey, companies with one or more employees are subject to the state's antidiscrimination law.

What government agency regulates workplace discrimination in New Jersey?

The Equal Employment Opportunity Commission (EEOC) is the federal agency that regulates workplace discrimination. You can contact the Equal Employment Opportunity Commission by calling 800-669-4000 or check out its website at www.eeoc.gov. The website will help you locate an EEOC field office in New Jersey.

The Division on Civil Rights enforces state antidiscrimination law in New Jersey. You can contact the Division on Civil Rights at 973-648-2700 or go to its website.

For more information on employment discrimination, see The Manager's Legal Handbook, by attorneys Lisa Guerin and Amy DelPo (Nolo).

Last updated on 2/22/13.

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