The Mississippi Homestead Exemption

The Mississippi homestead exemption allows you to protect some home equity if you file for bankruptcy.

By , Attorney

Before filing for bankruptcy, you want to know whether you can keep valuable property—especially your home. If you qualify to use the Mississippi homestead exemption, you'll be able to protect some equity in your house. In this article, we explain:

  • how much the Mississippi homestead exemption will protect, and
  • how to apply it in your bankruptcy case.

For more information, read How to File for Bankruptcy in Mississippi. Not only does it explain the process, but you'll find helpful checklists and a link to an interactive bankruptcy quiz.

The Mississippi Homestead Exemption Amount

Under the Mississippi exemption system, homeowners can exempt up to $75,000 of equity in a home on less than 160 acres. For example, let's say your house is worth $100,000, and you have a $30,000 mortgage on the property, leaving $70,000 of home equity. If you file bankruptcy and your equity is fully exempt using the Mississippi homestead exemption, your creditors won't be able to touch your equity, and you will keep your home. If you can't fully exempt your equity, you risk losing the home in bankruptcy.

Also, the Mississippi homestead exemption protects insurance proceeds from condemnation for 18 months on the home's sale. You can also safeguard up to $30,000 of equity in a mobile or manufactured home in which you reside if you own the land it's on, too. However, you can't combine this exemption with the personal property exemption to protect a manufactured home. (Miss. Code Ann. § 85-3-1(d).)

To protect your home, you also need to know the differences between Chapters 7 and 13. Consider reading Your Home in Chapter 7 and Your Home in Chapter 13.

Doubling for Married Couples

Married couples filing a joint bankruptcy can double the homestead exemption only if they live in separate residences. (Miss. Code Ann. § 85-3-21.) However, property held as a tenancy in the entirety might be fully exempt. If you own property this way, consult with a local bankruptcy attorney.

You can learn about the advantages and disadvantages of joint bankruptcy filings in Filing Considerations for Married Couples.

When You Can Use the Mississippi Homestead Exemption

You can file for bankruptcy in Mississippi after living there for more than 180 days. However, you must live in Mississippi much longer before using Mississippi exemptions—at least 730 days before filing, to be exact. Otherwise, you'd use the previous state's exemptions.

But suppose you weren't living in any particular state during the two years before filing for bankruptcy. In that case, you'd use the exemptions of the state you lived in for most of the 180 days before the two-year period that immediately preceded your filing. (11 U.S.C. § 522(b)(3)(A).) Learn more about filing for bankruptcy after moving to a new state.

Can You Use the Federal Bankruptcy Exemptions in Mississippi?

Some states allow bankruptcy filers to use federal bankruptcy exemptions instead of state exemptions. Mississippi isn't one of those states. If you reside in Mississippi, you must use the state exemptions (but you can protect more with Mississippi's homestead exemption than the federal exemption).

Find out more about which state exemptions apply to you in Mississippi Bankruptcy Exemptions and Which Exemptions Can You Use in Bankruptcy?

Filing a Mississippi Homestead Exemption

In Mississippi, you can file a homestead declaration form with the county recorder's office. Filing the exemption puts your right to a homestead exemption on record, but it is not required before filing for bankruptcy. Contact your county recorder for information on how to file a homestead declaration.

Finding the Mississippi Homestead Exemption Statute

Mississippi's homestead exemption is found in the Mississippi state statutes at Miss. Code Ann. § 85-3-1 and Miss. Code Ann. § 85-3-21. To learn how to find state statutes, check out Nolo's Laws and Legal Research area.

Need More Bankruptcy Help?

Did you know Nolo has been making the law easy for over fifty years? It's true—and we want to make sure you find what you need. Below you'll find more articles explaining how bankruptcy works. And don't forget that our bankruptcy homepage is the best place to start if you have other questions!

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Helpful Bankruptcy Sites

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We wholeheartedly encourage research and learning, but online articles can't address all bankruptcy issues or the facts of your case. The best way to protect your assets in bankruptcy is by hiring a local bankruptcy lawyer.

Updated April 23, 2022

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