If you file for bankruptcy in Louisiana, the Louisiana homestead exemption allows you to protect $35,000 of your home equity. You can save even more if you incur debt due to a catastrophic or terminal illness or injury.
Read on for more about Louisiana's homestead protections for homeowners in bankruptcy, or follow the link for a more complete list of Louisiana bankruptcy exemptions.
If you file for bankruptcy, Louisiana law allows owners to exempt up to $35,000 of the value of a house or other property covered by the homestead exemption.
Subject to certain limitations, homeowners can also protect the total value of their homestead against debts they incurred because of a catastrophic or terminal illness or injury.
In Louisiana, married couples filing jointly for bankruptcy can't double the homestead exemption amount. However, there could be other advantages to filing bankruptcy jointly with your spouse.
In Louisiana, the homestead exemption applies to your house and up to:
The homestead exemption automatically extends to insurance proceeds for property damage if they are held in a separate escrow account and received on account of a disaster declared by the governor.
Some states allow bankruptcy filers to use federal bankruptcy exemptions instead of state exemptions. Louisiana is not one of those states. If you live in Louisiana, you must use Louisiana state exemptions.
In Louisiana, the homestead declaration is automatic. Louisiana residents don't have to file a homestead declaration to claim the homestead exemption in bankruptcy.
In Louisiana, the homestead exemption continues after an owner's death to benefit the surviving spouse and any minor children.
Generally, Louisiana residents can waive homestead exemption rights. The waiver must be in writing, signed by the owner, and recorded in the mortgage records of the parish where the property is located. Louisiana is divided into parishes the way other states are divided into counties.
For married couples, both spouses must sign a waiver if they own the property together and aren't separated. Homestead exemption rights can't be waived for debts incurred for medical treatment, medical services, or hospitalization.
You will find Louisiana's homestead exemption in La. Rev. Ann. § 20.1. Louisiana's statutes are online at www.legis.state.la.us under "Louisiana Laws."
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Updated April 4, 2022