When Donald Trump signed the "Executive Order Protecting the Nation From Foreign Terrorist Entry Into the United States" on March 17, 2017, banning foreign travel into the U.S. from six nations, it included a provision saying waivers would be granted on a case-by-case basis. Either a consular officer or or a Customs and Border Protection (CBP) official could, it said, make this discretionary decision. But how does one actually qualify or apply for it?
To be eligible for a waiver, the applicants must demonstrate all of the following:
The Executive Order offered more specific examples of who might qualify for a waiver, such as people with:
As of late 2018, however, fewer than 2,000 people had actually been "cleared" for these waivers by the Department of State (DOS), and likely even fewer had received an actual grant thereafter.
No waiver form has been created to apply for this travel-ban waiver. The only good news about that is that no fee has been set to review one's waiver request (as would be all but guaranteed if there were a form for it).
Basically, you will be expected to apply for the visa as normal, pay all the application fees, and apply for the waiver at your visa interview at a U.S. consulate in your home country.
(Attorneys have tried submitting waiver requests earlier in the process, such as when submitting the visa petition to U.S. Citizenship and Immigration Services (USCIS) or interacting with the National Visa Center, which is an intermediary between USCIS and the overseas consulate, but have had limited success with this.)
The consular officer who conducts your interview is not even obligated to accept written materials from you requesting the waiver. Applicants are allowed to simply "disclose" during their visa interview the reasons they believe they are waiver-eligible. No matter what, be ready to sum up your reason for requesting the waiver when talking to the officer.
If at all possible, however, you should prepare written materials explaining the reasons you merit a waiver and accompany that with supporting evidence.
Start with sworn declarations from you and any U.S.-based family members explaining your immediate need for the visa and the hardship that would be caused if you were denied. Or if the urgent need is based on a U.S. employment relationship, have the employer write a letter of explanation.
Also look for supporting materials from authoritative, unbiased sources. For example, if you are claiming a waiver based on emergency medical needs, you would want to include a statement from your doctor. If claiming a waiver based on hardship to family in the U.S., you would need to provide copies of birth and marriage certificates proving the family relationship (if they're not already in the immigration file under which you're applying) and evidence of the nature of that hardship.
If you have already made travel arrangements, include copies of the tickets and itineraries in your waiver request packet.
Copies of visas you have received from other countries might also be useful, as proof that you have been vetted and cleared by other countries, and present no security risk.
It would be wise to get the help of an experienced immigration attorney for assessing your waiver case and preparing persuasive documentary evidence.