Do I Need to Have My Iowa Living Will Witnessed or Notarized?

In Iowa, you must sign your health care directives in front of two witnesses or a notary.

In Iowa, you may describe your wishes for health care in a living will and medical power of attorney. Your living will (or declaration) is the document you use to state the types of health care you do or do not want to recieve if you are ill or injured and unable to speak for yourself. To name a trusted person to make health care decisions on your behalf, you must use a durable power of attorney for health care.

Sign Your Iowa Health Care Directives in Front of Two Witnesses or a Notary

In Iowa, your health care documents must be signed by two witnesses or notarized.

If you choose to have the document witnessed, neither of your witnesses may be:

  • under the age of 18
  • your health care agent
  • your health care provider, or
  • an employee of your health care provider.

In addition, one of your witnesses must not be related to you by blood, marriage or adoption within the third degree of consanguinity (parents, children, siblings, grandchildren, grandparents, uncles, aunts, nephews, nieces and great-grandchildren).

What to Do With Your Signed Health Care Directives

After you sign your documents and have them witnessed or notarized, they are legally valid. Keep the originals in your files and give copies to your agent, if you named one. To ensure that you get the health care that you want, it’s a good idea to make your wishes widely known. So, you might also consider giving copies of your declaration and power of attorney to your physician, your hospital, your HMO or other insurance plan, and trusted family members and friends.

Review your documents every few years to make sure that they still reflect your wishes. Also, consider making new documents if you move to another state, get married or divorced, or if your agent is no longer able to supervise your wishes.

Your properly finalized documents will stay in effect until you revoke them, if you ever choose to do so. You can revoke your documents at any time. It’s best to revoke in writing. If possible, also collect and tear up all copies that you may have distributed to others. Finally, tell everyone who knows about your declaration and power of attorney that you have revoked them.

Learn More

Learn more about Living Wills and Medical Powers of Attorney.

Learn more about Iowa Living Wills and Durable Powers of Attorney for Health Care.

When you make a health care directive with Quicken WillMaker Plus, it will conform to all of Iowa’s laws about declarations and powers of attorney for health care, and it will print with plain English instructions that detail how to make it legal.

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