Many people have more questions than they do answers concerning asbestos in buildings and products. What exactly is asbestos? Where are you likely to find it? Maybe most important, are there steps you can take to protect yourself and your family from harm caused by asbestos exposure?
Asbestos is the common name for six different fibrous minerals that occur naturally in the environment. Thanks to its durability and resistance to heat and flame, asbestos has been used in the construction of homes, schools, and other buildings for decades. Specifically, asbestos may still be found in:
Certain products have traditionally included asbestos because of the material's resistance to fire and heat, and its durability. These include:
Other products that may or may not contain asbestos include:
Consumer advocacy groups have raised concerns over the possible presence of asbestos in a number of the products listed above. But remember, not all of these products will definitely contain asbestos, and even if they do, the asbestos may be at very low (and legally permissible) levels so that the risk of developing an asbestos-related illness like mesothelioma or asbestosis are minimal or non-existent.
For some of the older products listed in the section above, non-asbestos substitutes are widely available. So if you've got any of these products around the house—like older appliances, hair dryers, and ironing board pads—it may be time to replace them with new versions that don't contain asbestos.
What steps can homeowners take if they're concerned about the presence of asbestos in their home? And what are school districts required to do when it comes to inspecting for—and in some cases removing—asbestos materials in school buildings?
Asbestos in homes. The most important thing to remember about asbestos in your home is that its mere presence does not usually pose a health risk. But if asbestos-containing material (like tiles or insulation, for example) become damaged or worn, you need to take action.
Fixing an asbestos problem usually means either covering or sealing the asbestos material. Use of a sealant can either bind the asbestos fibers together or coat them with a material that will prevent their release. Insulation (around pipes or heating units) can often be repaired this way. Covering means enclosing the asbestos material to prevent any fibers from being released. One example of covering/enclosing is wrapping asbestos-insulated piping with a protective jacket.
Removing an asbestos problem is the more expensive solution, and typically presents the biggest risk of actually causing the release of asbestos fibers. So, removal should probably be your last option, unless:
There are professional companies that are expert at assessing the health dangers of asbestos in the home—including testing unlabeled materials to see if they contain asbestos, since it isn't always easy to tell. These companies can recommend a course of action for fixing asbestos-related problems and reducing health risks.
Remember, since the real danger comes when asbestos material is damaged or disturbed—so that asbestos fibers are released into the air—if you're planning a remodel of your home such as replacing a ceiling or tearing up floors, it's a good idea to have an experienced professional inspect your home for asbestos before any work gets started.
Asbestos in schools. The U.S. Environmental Protection Agency (EPA) requires school districts to inspect all classrooms and other school buildings for the presence of asbestos. Schools also must fix most instances where asbestos-containing material (a ceiling, for example) is damaged, worn, or otherwise posing a potential health problem. But that doesn't mean that school districts are required to remove asbestos from school buildings (they're not). EPA's asbestos program for schools is focused on managing and remedying asbestos-containing materials "in-place," meaning encasement of potentially dangerous asbestos in most cases and removal only in rare instances.
Of course, homes and schools aren't the only settings where asbestos might be found. Learn more about workplace exposure to asbestos.
If you're serious about filing a lawsuit over the presence of asbestos in a home or school (or over resulting health problems), you may want to talk with an attorney who has experience handling asbestos and mesothelioma cases. Remember that most asbestos-related lawsuits are handled on a contingency fee basis, meaning that you don't pay for anything—including the initial consultation—and your attorney takes a percentage (typically 25% to 40%) of any compensation you receive. Get tips on finding and hiring the right asbestos lawyer for you and your case.
Sources: U.S. Consumer Product Safety Commission (CPSC), U.S. Environmental Protection Agency (EPA), American Lung Association.