Arizona, like a growing number of other states, requires employers to provide paid sick leave to employees. Below is a run-down of the law's provisions.
Arizona’s paid sick leave law applies to all private employers in the state. All employees are eligible to receive sick leave, except for casual babysitters or those employed by a parent or sibling.
Employees automatically accrue sick leave, and employees can use accrued leave right away. However, employers can institute a 90-day waiting period for new hires. During this time, new hires accrue—but can't use—sick leave.
Employees accrue one hour of paid sick leave for every 30 hours worked. However, sick leave accrual may be capped as follows:
Accrued sick leave must carry over from year to year. However, employers can choose to pay out accrued sick leave at the end of each year, as long as a year’s worth of sick leave is made available at the beginning of the next year. For example, an employer with 20 employees can make 40 hours of sick leave available at the start of each year and pay the employee for any hours remaining at the end of the year. Employers are not required to pay out sick leave when an employee leaves the company.
Employees may use accrued sick leave for the following reasons:
Arizona has a broad definition of “family member,” which includes the employee’s spouse, child, parent, stepchild, stepparent, parent-in-law, grandparent, grandchild, or sibling. It also includes the grandparent, grandchild, or sibling of a spouse.
Employees must make a good faith effort to give notice when the reason for the leave is foreseeable. Employers can also require employees to give a certain amount of notice when the reason for the leave is not foreseeable, as long as the policy is in writing and given to employees.
When an employee uses three consecutive paid sick days, the employer can ask for reasonable documentation of the reason for the leave. However, the documentation does not need to specify the health condition that the employee or a family member is suffering from.