Schecter Poultry Corp. V. United States (1931) Definition

A U.S. Supreme Court case in which the Court struck down the National Industrial Recovery Act (a key measure of the New Deal) on the basis that the government had improperly delegated authority to make rules governing industries in interstate commerce. The decision by an aging Court (called "nine old men" by its critics) and other rulings that the New Deal was unconstitutional prompted President Franklin D. Roosevelt to launch his ill-fated effort to pack the Supreme Court by adding an additional justice for each one who would not retire at 70, Death and resignation soon gave Roosevelt vacancies to fill on the Court.