is Tennessee’s statute of limitations for a medical malpractice lawsuit?
First, for those who aren’t fluent in legalese, a “statute
of limitations” is a state law that puts a strict time limit on your right to
go to court and get your lawsuit started. There are usually different deadlines
depending on the case you want to file, and the time limit is expressed in
In Tennessee, the standard statute of limitations for medical malpractice cases gives you only one year to get your lawsuit filed. That typically means one year
from the date on which the alleged malpractice occurred, but in some cases the
“clock” doesn’t start running right away. In Tennessee, if the patient’s injury is not discovered
within that one-year period, the statute of limitations period beings to run on
the date on which the injury is discovered, and the filing deadline is one year
from that date.
You can find this law online at http://www.lexisnexis.com/hottopics/tncode/. You’ll need to navigate to the citation, which is Tennessee
Code Annotated section 29-26-116.
In Tennessee, there is also a larger deadline
for medical malpractice lawsuits which says that, regardless of when or if the
injury was discovered, “In no event shall any such action be brought more than three years after the date on which the
negligent act or omission occurred” -- meaning three years from the date
on which the defendant committed the underlying medical
The only exceptions to this
over-arching three year deadline in Tennessee are 1) when a medical malpractice
case involves “fraudulent concealment on the part of the defendant,” or
2) “where a foreign object has been negligently left in a patient's body.”
In those situations, the one-year lawsuit filing deadline applies and there is
no larger deadline.
If the deadline set
by the Tennessee statute of limitations has passed, but you try to file the
lawsuit anyway, the doctor or health care facility you’re trying to sue will
file a motion asking the court to dismiss the case, and the court will almost
certainly grant the motion. So it’s critical that you pay attention to the
deadline as it applies to your case, especially in Tennessee, where the one-year
statute of limitations is pretty defendant-friendly.
by: David Goguen,