- record every word that is said during the proceeding. At trial, upon request of the judge, the reporter will read back testimony of a witness or a statement of counsel.
- prepare transcripts—written booklets containing what was said at a particular court session—often for a fee, upon the request of a party or the judge. (Defendants are sometimes entitled to free transcripts, often because they can’t afford them.)
For information on a related topic, see Is a court reporter always present during a criminal case?