Vermont State Laws Prohibiting Landlord Retaliation

Learn what types of landlord retaliation are illegal in Vermont.

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Vermont state law (Vt. Stat. Ann. tit. 9 § 4465) prohibits landlords from retaliating against tenants.

Tenant Rights Protected Against Landlord Retaliation in Vermont

It is illegal for a landlord to retaliate against a tenant in Vermont who has exercised a legal right, including:

  • complaining to the landlord about unsafe or illegal living conditions
  • complaining to a government agency, such as a building or health inspector, about unsafe or illegal living conditions
  • assembling and presenting your views collectively—for example, by joining or organizing a tenant union, or
  • exercising a legal right allowed by your state or local law, such as withholding the rent for an uninhabitable unit.

Types of Retaliation That Are Against State Law

The kinds of retaliatory acts covered by Vermont law include terminating a tenancy or filing an eviction lawsuit; increasing the rent; or decreasing services, such as locking the laundry room. Vermont state law presumes retaliation only when a landlord terminates for reasons other than rent nonpayment, after a tenant has filed complaint with a governmental entity alleging noncompliance with health or safety regulations..

For advice on how to respond to—and prove—retaliation, see the article Landlord Retaliation.

Vermont Guide to Tenant Rights

For an overview of tenant rights under Vermont landlord-tenant law, and resources for filing complaints, see http://www.cvoeo.org/downloads/housing/RENTINGinVERMONT.pdf.

Vermont State and Local Law on Landlord Retaliation

For state law on landlord retaliation, see Vt. Stat. Ann. tit. 9 § 4465.

See the Laws and Legal Research section of Nolo for advice on finding and reading statutes and court decisions.

Also, check your local housing ordinances, particularly if you are covered by rent control, for any city or county rules that protect tenants from landlord retaliation. To find yours, call your mayor or city manager’s office or check your city or county website.

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