Vermont Marriage and Civil Union Laws

Vermont marriage and civil union requirements and information on common-law marriage.

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What are the requirements for getting legally married in Vermont?

Vermont does not require a blood test before a marriage license will be issued. You can marry immediately after your marriage license is issued, and your license is good for 60 days after it's issued. After that time, you'll have to get a new one before you can marry.

In Vermont, as in most states, you must be of the age of consent, not be too closely related to your intended spouse, not be married to anyone else, and have sufficient "mental capacity," meaning you understand what you are doing when you marry.

Does Vermont have common-law marriage?

No. In Vermont, you must obtain a marriage license and enter into a legal marriage in order to be considered married. Living together and taking the same name don't create a common-law marriage.

Does Vermont have same-sex marriage?

Yes, as of September 1, 2009. Until then, only persons of the opposite sex may get married in Vermont; same-sex couples may still enter into civil unions with all the same rights and responsibilities as married people for purposes of state law. Federal law doesn't recognize civil unions, however. After September 1, 2009, civil unions will no longer be available.

Learn about the proper legal steps to define and protect your relationship in the eyes of the law with Living Together: A Legal Guide, by Ralph Warner, Toni Ihara, and Frederick Hertz (Nolo), or Legal Guide for Lesbian & Gay Couples, by Denis Clifford, Frederick Hertz and Emily Doskow (Nolo).

Last updated 04/13/09

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