Trademark Class 4: Industrial Oils and Lubricants

Choose Class 4 if you are registering lubricants, fuels, oils, candles and wicks

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Class 4 includes industrial oils and greases; lubricants; dust absorbing, wetting and binding compositions; fuels (including motor spirit) and illuminants; candles and wicks for lighting. For a complete listing of all goods in Class 4, see below. Class 4 is one of 45 classes used by the U.S. Patent and Trademark Office (USPTO) when grouping products or services.

TMExamples of trademarks in Class 4 include: ULTRALUBE (Lubricating oils), HERCULES (lubricating and cutting oil), and WD-40 (Penetrating oil).

Related (Coordinated) Classes

If you are not sure whether you should register in Class 4, you might also consider the following “coordinated” classes: Class 1 - Chemicals, Class 35 - Advertising and Business Services, Class 37 - Construction and Repair Services, and Class 42 - Science and Technology Services. A coordinated class is one that is related to another class, usually because the USPTO has determined that applicants filing within Class 4 often file in the coordinated classes, too.

Why use the class system? Trademark registration is based on a class system. For each class of goods or services that you register, you must pay a separate registration fee. So if you apply for a trademark for posters (Class 16) and shirts (Class 25), you must pay two fees. You must indicate the correct class at the time you are registering a trademark. If you list the incorrect class, you must start the application process over. Your registrations are restricted to those classes that encompass the goods or services you are already offering (as shown by the specimens you submit) or that you plan to offer (if you are registering on an intent-to-use basis). You may also need information about the class number in order to narrow a search of the USPTO’s trademark database.

Specimens for Class 4

If the mark is used in commerce, you must furnish a specimen of the mark as consumers see it. The specimen must show the mark as used on or in connection with the goods in commerce.  A trademark specimen should be a label, tag, or container for the goods, or a display associated with the goods. A photocopy or other reproduction of a specimen of the mark as actually used on or in connection with the goods is acceptable. 

In most cases, where the trademark is applied to the goods or the containers for the goods in Class 4 by means of labels, a label is an acceptable specimen. Shipping or mailing labels may be accepted if they are affixed to the goods or to the containers for the goods and if proper trademark usage is shown. They are not acceptable if the mark as shown is merely used as a trade name and not as a trademark.  An example of this is the use of the term solely as a return address.

Stamping a trademark on the goods, on the container, or on tags or labels attached to the goods or containers, is a proper method of trademark affixation. The trademark may be imprinted in the body of the goods, as with metal stamping; it may be applied by a rubber stamp; or it may be inked on by using a stencil or template. When a trademark is used in this manner, photographs or facsimiles showing the actual stamping or stenciling are acceptable as specimens.

The terminology “applied to the containers for the goods” means applied to any type of commercial packaging that is normal for the particular goods as they move in trade.  Thus, a showing of the trademark on the normal commercial package for the particular Class 4 goods is an acceptable specimen.  For example, gasoline pumps are normal containers or “packaging” for gasoline.

A specimen showing use of the trademark on a vehicle in which the goods are marketed to the relevant purchasers may constitute use of the mark on a container for the goods, if this is the normal mode of use of a mark for the particular goods

For More Information on Trademarks and Federal Registration

See Nolo’s Trademark Center or consider Nolo’s Online Trademark Application

Complete Listing of All Goods in Class 4 Based on Taxonomy

  • Fuels and illuminants, alcohol [fuel], anthracite, beeswax, benzene, benzol, combustible briquettes, carburants/motor fuel, charcoal [fuel], coal dust [fuel], coal briquettes, coal tar oil, coal naphtha, coal, coke, diesel oil/gas oil, ethanol [fuel], firelighters, fuel with an alcoholic base, fuel oil/combustible oil, fuel, fuel gas, gas for lighting, gasoline, illuminating wax, illuminating grease, kerosene, lighting fuel, lignite, ligroin, mazut, methylated spirit, mineral fuel, oil-gas, ozocerite [ozokerite], paper spills for lighting, paraffin, peat briquettes [fuel]/blocks of peat [fuel], peat [fuel], petrol/benzine, petroleum ether, petroleum, raw or refined, producer gas, solidified gases [fuel]/solidified gas [fuel], stearine, tinder, vaporized fuel mixtures,  wax [raw material].
  • Candles and wicks for lighting, candles/tapers.
  • Christmas tree candles, lamp wicks, nightlights [candles], perfumed candles, wicks for candles.
  • wood, firewood, wood spills for lighting, wood briquettes.
  • Non- chemical fuel additives, additives, non-chemical, to motor-fuel, naphtha.
  • Biofuels, oleine, rape oil for industrial purposes.
  • Electrical energy,  electrical energy.
  • Dust controlling compositions, dust binding compositions for sweeping, dust laying compositions, dust removing preparations, Lubricants and industrial greases, waxes and fluids, belting wax, carnauba wax, castor oil for technical purposes, ceresine, cutting fluids, fish oil, not edible, grease for arms [weapons], grease for boots/grease for shoes, grease for belts, grease for leather, industrial wax, industrial grease, industrial oil, lubricants, lubricating oil, lubricating graphite, lubricating grease, moistening oil, motor oil, non-slipping preparations for belts, oils for releasing form work [building], oils for paints, petroleum jelly for industrial purposes, soya bean oil preparations for non-stick treatment of cooking utensils, sunflower oil for industrial purposes, tallow, textile oil, wool grease/lanolin, xylene, xylol.
  • Preserving oils for masonry or leather, bone oil for industrial purposes, oil for the preservation of masonry, oil for the preservation of leather, preservatives for leather [oils and greases].

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