Class 31 includes grains and agricultural, horticultural and forestry products not included in other classes; live animals; fresh fruits and vegetables; seeds; natural plants and flowers; foodstuffs for animals; malt. It also includes raw woods; raw cereals; fertilized eggs for hatching; mollusks, and crustacea (live). For a complete listing of all goods in Class 31, see below. Class 31 is one of 45 classes used by the U.S. Patent and Trademark Office (USPTO) when grouping products or services.
Examples of trademarks in Class 31 include:
CAPITAL BRAND ORGANIC (organic fresh fruits and vegetables), PICNIC IN THE PARK (pet food), ALFA SUPREME (horse feed), GALLERIA (live plants).
You would NOT use Class 31 if you were registering:
- cultures of micro-organisms and leeches for medical purposes (Class 5 - Pharmaceuticals);
- dietary supplements for animals (Class 5 - Pharmaceuticals);
- semi-worked woods (Class 19 - Building Materials);
- artificial fishing bait (Class 28 - Games and Sporting Goods);
- rice (Class 30 - Coffee, Flour, Rice);
- tobacco (Class 34 - Tobacco Products).
Related (Coordinated) Classes
If you are not sure whether you should register in Class 31, you might also consider the following “coordinated” classes: Class 5 - Pharmaceuticals, Class 29 - Meat, Fish, Poultry, Class 30 - Coffee, Flour, Rice, Class 32 - Beers and Beverages, Class 35 - Advertising and Business Services, Class 42 - Science and Technology Services, Class 43 - Food Services , and Class 44 - Medical and Vet Services. A coordinated class is one that is related to another class, usually because the USPTO has determined that applicants filing within Class 31 often file in the coordinated classes, too.
Why use the class system? Trademark registration is based on a class system. For each class of goods or services that you register, you must pay a separate registration fee. So if you apply for a trademark for posters (Class 16) and shirts (Class 25), you must pay two fees. You must indicate the correct class at the time you are registering a trademark. If you list the incorrect class, you must start the application process over. Your registrations are restricted to those classes that encompass the goods or services you are already offering (as shown by the specimens you submit) or that you plan to offer (if you are registering on an intent-to-use basis). You may also need information about the class number in order to narrow a search of the USPTO’s trademark database.
Specimens for Class 31
If you are registering a mark that is currently being used in commerce, you must furnish a specimen of the mark as consumers see it. The specimen must show the mark as used on or in connection with the goods in commerce. A trademark specimen should be a label, tag, or container for the goods, or a display associated with the goods. A photocopy or other reproduction of a specimen of the mark as actually used on or in connection with the goods is acceptable.
In most cases, where the trademark is applied to the goods or the containers for the goods in Class 31 by means of labels, a label is an acceptable specimen. Shipping or mailing labels may be accepted if they are affixed to the goods or to the containers for the goods and if proper trademark usage is shown. They are not acceptable if the mark as shown is merely used as a trade name and not as a trademark. An example of this is the use of the term solely as a return address.
Stamping a trademark on the goods, on the container, or on tags or labels attached to the goods or containers, is a proper method of trademark affixation. The trademark may be imprinted in the body of the goods, as with metal stamping; it may be applied by a rubber stamp; or it may be inked on by using a stencil or template. When a trademark is used in this manner, photographs or facsimiles showing the actual stamping or stenciling are acceptable as specimens.
The terminology “applied to the containers for the goods” means applied to any type of commercial packaging that is normal for the particular goods as they move in trade. Thus, a showing of the trademark on the normal commercial package for the particular Class 31 goods is an acceptable specimen. For example, gasoline pumps are normal containers or “packaging” for gasoline.
A specimen showing use of the trademark on a vehicle in which the goods are marketed to the relevant purchasers may constitute use of the mark on a container for the goods, if this is the normal mode of use of a mark for the particular goods
For More Information on Trademarks and Federal Registration
Complete Listing of All Goods in Class 31 Based on Taxonomy
- Live animals, organisms for breeding, bred stock, crayfish, live, crustaceans, live, eggs for hatching, fertilised, fish spawn, fish, live, fishing bait, live, live animals, lobsters, live, menagerie animals, mussels, live, oysters, live, poultry, live, sea-cucumbers, live, shellfish, live, silkworm eggs, silkworms, spiny lobsters, live.
- Agricultural and aquacultural crops, horticulture and forestry products, maize, Algae, algae for human or animal consumption/seaweed for human or animal consumption.
- Plants, aloe vera plants, hop cones, hops, nettles, plants, plants, dried, for decoration, seedlings, sugarcane, vine plants.
- Fresh fruits, nuts, vegetables and herbs, almonds [fruits], beans, fresh, beet, berries, fresh fruits, chestnuts, fresh, chicory roots, chicory [salad], citrus fruit, cocoa beans, raw, coconuts, copra, cucumbers, fresh, fruit, fresh, garden herbs, fresh, grapes, fresh, hazelnuts, juniper berries, kola nuts/cola nuts, leeks, fresh, lemons, fresh, lentils, fresh, lettuce, fresh, locust beans, nuts [fruits], olives, fresh, onions, fresh vegetables, oranges, peanuts, fresh, peas, fresh, peppers [plants], potatoes, fresh, rhubarb, roots for food, spinach, fresh, squashes/marrows, vegetables, fresh.
- Malts and unprocessed cereals, barley, bran, grains [cereals], malt for brewing and distilling, oats, rice, unprocessed, rye, wheat.
- Natural turf, turf, natural/sod.
- Flowers, flowers, natural, flowers, dried, for decoration, sesame, wreaths of natural flowers.
- Seeds, bulbs and seedlings for plant breeding, cereal seeds, unprocessed, flower bulbs/bulbs, seed germ for botanical purposes, grains [seeds]/plant seeds, pollen [raw material].
- Trees and forestry products, Christmas trees, palm trees, palms [leaves of the palm tree], pine cones, raw barks, rose bushes, rough cork, shrubs/bushes, trees, trunks of trees, undressed timber, unsawn timber, wood chips for the manufacture of wood pulp.
- Plant residues (raw materials), bagasses of cane [raw material], coconut shell, draff, fruit residue [marc]/marc, residue in a still after distillation, straw mulch.
- Fungi, mushroom spawn for propagation, mushrooms, fresh, truffles, fresh.
- Foodstuffs and fodder for animals, algarovilla for animal consumption, animal foodstuffs, animal fattening preparations/livestock fattening preparations, edible chews for animals, beverages for pets, bird food, bran mash for animal consumption, by-products of the processing of cereals, for animal consumption/residual products of cereals for animal consumption, cuttle bone for birds, distillery waste for animal consumption, dog biscuits, preparations for egg laying poultry, fish meal for animal consumption, flax meal [fodder], fodder/cattle food/forage, grains for animal consumption, groats for poultry, lime for animal forage, linseed for animal consumption/flaxseed for animal consumption, linseed meal for animal consumption/flaxseed meal for animal consumption, maize cake for cattle, mash for fattening livestock, meal for animals, oil cake/cattle cake, peanut meal for animals, peanut cake for animals, pet food, rape cake for cattle, rice meal for forage, salt for cattle, stall food for animals, straw [forage], strengthening animal forage, wheat germ for animal consumption, yeast for animal consumption.
- Bedding and litter for animals, aromatic sand for pets [litter], hay, products for animal litter, litter peat, sanded paper for pets [litter], straw litter.