Summary of Minnesota's Foreclosure Laws

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If you are facing foreclosure in Minnesota, it’s important to understand some of the basics, including:

  • the most common type of foreclosure procedure (judicial v. nonjudicial) used in Minnesota
  • how much time you have to respond
  • your rights and protections in the process, and
  • what happens afterwards (for example, whether you’ll be liable for a deficiency judgment).

Below we have outlined some of the most important features of Minnesota foreclosure law. Keep in mind that this is just a summary; we’ve included statute citations so you can get more details from the laws themselves. And be sure to check out Nolo’s extensive Foreclosure section, where you can find information about all aspects of foreclosure, definitions of foreclosure terms (like redemption and reinstatement), and options to avoid foreclosure.


State Rule

Most common type of foreclosure process

Nonjudicial under power of sale

Time to respond

Foreclosing party must serve notice of sale on homeowner at least four weeks before the sale and must publish the notice six weeks before the sale.

Reinstatement of loan before sale

Available any time before the foreclosure sale

Redemption after sale

For most homeowners, available for six months after the sale. Former owner may stay in the house during this period. Minn. Stat. §§ 581.11, 504B.285

Special protections for foreclosures involving high-cost mortgages


Special state protections for service members

Protections under the federal Servicemembers Civil Relief Act extended to service members called to state active service. Minn. Stat. § 190.055

Deficiency judgments

Not allowed in nonjudicial foreclosure with six-month redemption period (most common type of foreclosure)

Cash exempted in bankruptcy

About $12,725 for one person, $25,450 for a married couple under federal bankruptcy exemptions

Notice to leave after house is sold

New owner may file an eviction lawsuit after the redemption period expires. Minn. Stat. § 504B.285

Foreclosure statutes

Minn. Stat. §§ 580.01 to 580.30

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