Right now I can afford my monthly mortgage payments on my home, but I probably won’t be able to in the near future. I called my mortgage servicer (the company I make my monthly payments to) and the representative I spoke to told me to stop making payments on my loan so I could qualify for a modification. Is this right? Do I really need to stop paying my mortgage in order to get a modification?
No, you don’t! That is outdated advice that, if followed, can lead to some very serious negative consequences. (This is covered in more detail below.)
Back in the day it was common for mortgage servicers to recommend that you fall behind in payments (even if you could afford to make them) if you wanted to get a mortgage modification. While it’s true that in the past lenders would only consider giving homeowners a mortgage modification if they were in default on their loan, this is no longer the case. Now, you can be current on your mortgage payments and still qualify for the vast majority of modification programs.
A modification is a permanent restructuring of the mortgage where one or more of the terms of the loan are changed so that the payments become more affordable. For example, the lender may agree to reduce the interest rate or extend the repayment term to achieve this goal. (Learn more in Nolo’s article What's the difference between a loan modification, forbearance agreement, and repayment plan?)
Most modification programs only require that you show you are in danger of falling behind in payments, but you don’t have to actually go into default, in order to qualify.
For example, to qualify for a modification under the government’s Home Affordable Modification Program (HAMP), you only need to show that you are at risk of imminent default, so long as the mortgage you’re seeking to modify is on your primary residence. (Learn more about HAMP and other government programs for struggling homeowners in our Government Foreclosure Prevention Programs topic area.)
You can also qualify for most in-house (sometimes called “proprietary”) loan modifications if you’re current in your payments as well.
To be eligible for a mortgage modification if you're up to date on payments, you’ll typically need to show that:
If you deliberately default on your mortgage payments, there will be several negative consequences for you.
Your credit score will drop. After you miss a payment or multiple payments, your credit score will drop. Once your score falls, it can be difficult to refinance your mortgage, obtain a car loan, or get new credit cards. Even if you subsequently complete a mortgage modification, this will not change previous adverse reporting. (Learn more about credit scores in Nolo’s Credit Reports & Credit Scores area.)
Past-due amounts add up fast. If you start skipping payments just to try to get a mortgage modification, keep in mind you'll still owe the amounts you don’t pay, plus interest and fees. This can add up quickly. Once you fall behind, the lender can charge late fees, inspection fees, and various other charges associated with the delinquency. (Learn more about the fees your lender can charge if you fall behind in payments.)
The more payments you miss, the more fees and interest will accrue. This can make it significantly harder to catch up on your payments if the lender denies your modification request. Ultimately, it could even lead to a foreclosure.
In general, you should contact your servicer as soon as you think you may be in danger of missing a payment if you want to apply for a modification of your home mortgage. If the representative tells you that you need to miss a payment in order to qualify for assistance, ask to speak to his or her supervisor or call back and talk to another representative. Most likely, the next person you talk to will say that the information you received was incorrect.
The bottom line is that if you can afford to make your monthly payments, you should continue doing so. In all likelihood, you will be eligible for a mortgage modification even if you're current (so long as you meet all other qualifications and submit all of the required paperwork). (Learn more about how to apply for a modification in Nolo’s article Do It Yourself Mortgage Loan Modification.)