Pennsylvania offers a probate shortcut for "small estates." This makes it easier for survivors to transfer property left by a person who has died. You may be able to transfer a large amount of property using the simplified probate process -- saving time, money, and hassle. The state also allows transfers of small amounts of cash to surviving family members without probate court approval.
Simplified Probate Procedures
Pennsylvania has a simplified probate process for small estates. To use it, an executor files a written request with the local probate court asking to use the simplified procedure. The court may authorize the executor to distribute the assets without having to jump through the hoops of regular probate.
You can use the simplified small estate process in Pennsylvania if property (not counting real estate, certain vehicles, certain payments the family is entitled to, and funeral costs) is worth $25,000 or less. (20 Pa. Cons. Stat. Ann. § 3102.)
Release of Money in Bank Accounts
Pennsylvania law authorizes financial institutions to release up to $3,500 to surviving family members, without probate court authorization. All the surviving spouse (or if there is no surviving spouse, to surviving children; if there are no childen, to more distant relatives) must do is show the bank a certified copy of the death certificate and proof that funeral expenses have been paid. (20 Pa. Cons. Stat. Ann. § 3101.)
Payment of Wages
Employers may pay up to $3,500 in wages, salary, or other compensation to the employee's surviving spouse (or if there is no surviving spouse, to surviving children; if there are no children, to more distant relatives). Probate court approval is not necessary. (20 Pa. Cons. Stat. Ann. § 3101.)
Life Insurance Payable to the Estate
If an insurance company owes the deceased person's estate up to $11,000 in life insurance benefits, and the personal representative of the estate hasn't claimed the policy proceeds within 60 days after the death, the company may pay the money to the surviving spouse (or if there isn't one, to other relatives) without probate court approval.
For More Information
For help determining whether or not an estate qualifies for one of these probate shortcuts, or handling an estate in general, see The Executor's Guide, by Mary Randolph (Nolo).
Last updated on 09/21/2012.