1. Choose a Name for Your LLC
Under Mississippi law, an LLC name must contain the words "Limited Liability Company" or the abbreviations "LLC" or “L.L.C.” It may also include the name of a member or its managers.
Your LLC’s name must be distinguishable from the names of other business entities already on file with the Mississippi Secretary of State. Names may be checked for availability by searching the Mississippi business name database. You may reserve a name for 180 days by filing an Application for Name Reservation with the Mississippi Secretary of State. You will need to register with the Mississippi Secretary of State's office online filing system to get the Name Reservation application form. The filing fee is $25.
2. File a Certificate of Formation
A Mississippi LLC is created by filing a Certificate of Formation with the Mississippi Secretary of State. The certificate must include: the LLC's name and address; the name and address of the LLC’s registered agent; whether the LLC's duration will be perpetual or for a specified period; and whether the LLC will be member-managed. Starting in 2015, all Mississippi LLC filings must be completed using an online filing system. You must register online with the system (create a username and password) and then you can either complete a certificate of formation and pay for it online, or you can print one out, complete it in hard copy, and mail it in with a check. The filing fee is $50.
3. Appoint a Registered Agent
Every Mississippi LLC must have an agent for service of process in the state. This is an individual or business entity that agrees to accept legal papers on the LLC’s behalf if it is sued. The registered agent may be a Mississippi resident or a Mississippi or foreign corporation authorized to do business in Mississippi. The registered agent must have a physical street address in Mississippi. Check the list of agents registered in Mississippi.
All of the paperwork and procedural steps to start a limited liability company in Mississippi can be done online using Nolo's Mississippi Online LLC Formation application.
4. Prepare an Operating Agreement
An LLC operating agreement is not required in Mississippi, but is highly advisable. For help creating an LLC operating agreement, see Form Your Own Limited Liability Company, by Anthony Mancuso (Nolo) or use Nolo’s Online LLC. If an operating agreement is created, it need not be filed with the Certificate of Formation.
5. Publication Requirements
6. Comply With Other Tax and Regulatory Requirements
Additional tax and regulatory requirements may apply to your LLC. These may include:
EIN: If your LLC has more than one member, it must obtain its own IRS Employer Identification Number (EIN), even if it has no employees. If you form a one-member LLC, you must obtain an EIN for it only if it will have employees or you elect to have it taxed as a corporation instead of a sole proprietorship (disregarded entity). You may obtain an EIN by completing an online application on the IRS website. There is no filing fee.
Business Licenses: Depending on its type of business and where it is located, your LLC may need to obtain other local and state business licenses.
7. File Annual Reports
All LLCs doing business in Mississippi must file an annual report once every calendar year with the Mississippi Secretary of State. The report can be filed any time on or after January 1st of each calendar year and is due by April 15th of that year.
Mississippi LLCs must file the report online. There is no filing fee for Mississippi LLCs. The filing fee for foreign LLCs is $250.
8. Foreign LLCs Doing Business in Mississippi
To do business in Mississippi, all LLCs organized outside of the state must register with the Mississippi Secretary of State. Foreign LLCs must appoint a registered agent for service of process physically located in Mississippi. To register, file an Application for Registration of Limited Liability Company. Foreign LLCs must complete an Application for Appointment of Registered Agent of a Foreign LLC (filing fee of $25) and file it at the same time.