In Utah, you may name the person who will carry out your funeral arrangements. You can also provide detailed instructions about your final wishes and set aside funds to cover your funeral expenses, including the costs of burial or cremation.
Who Has the Right to Make Funeral Arrangements in Utah?
Utah law determines who can make decisions about funerals and body disposition -- that is, burial or cremation -- after someone dies. This right and responsibility goes to the following people, in order:
- a person you name in an approved, written document before your death
- your surviving spouse
- the personal representative of your estate, if you name one in your will
- your adult child or a majority of your children if there is more than one
- your parents
- your adult sibling or a majority of your siblings if there is more than one
- your adult next of kin in the order named by law to inherit your estate
- a public official, or
- any other person willing and able to take on the job.
If there are two or more members of a class described above -- for example, if you have several adult children or many siblings -- and a majority of them cannot agree, a probate court must resolve their dispute. (Utah Code § 58-9-605.) To avoid such an outcome, it’s wise to name a representative in advance.
How to appoint a representative to carry out your final wishes. To name someone to oversee your arrangements, you must write down what you want, then sign and date your form in front of a notary public or two witnesses. (Utah Code § 58-9-601(1).)
Appointing a representative in an advance directive. One smart way to name a representative to handle your funeral plans is to make a Utah advance health care directive. In your document, you can give your health care agent explicit power to carry out your final arrangements. (You must make this authority clear in your advance directive; otherwise your agent’s decision-making power ends upon your death.) This saves the trouble of making separate documents for health care decisions and final wishes.
Ordinarily, Utah requires that only one witness sign an advance directive for health care, but if you give your agent power to make your funeral arrangements, you should ask two qualified adults to witness your document. Taking this extra step ensures that your document meets the requirements described above.
For information about making an advance directive, see Utah Living Wills and Advance Health Care Directives.
To make a Utah advance directive that appoints your health care agent to carry out your final plans, you can use Nolo’s Quicken WillMaker Plus software.
If you’re in the military. You may name the person who will carry out your final wishes in the Record of Emergency Data provided by the Department of Defense.
Who Pays for Funeral Costs in Utah?
The most recent statistics from the National Funeral Directors Association put the average cost of a funeral at $6,560. This figure doesn’t cover many common expenses such as cemetery costs, markers, flowers, or obituaries. For many people, after a house and a car, funeral goods and services are the most expensive thing they’ll ever buy. It’s wise to make a plan to pay for these costs.
You have two basic options for covering your funeral expenses, including the costs of burial or cremation. You can:
- pay in advance, or
- leave enough money for your survivors to pay the bills.
If you don’t do either of these things, your survivors must cover the costs of your funeral arrangements.
Paying in advance. If you want to pay for your funeral arrangements ahead of time, make sure you’re dealing with a reputable funeral establishment and clearly document any plans you make, so your survivors can easily carry them out. Though the law requires providers of funeral goods and services to carefully manage your funds (see Utah Code §§ 58-9-701 to -708), abuses do happen. What’s more, if a funeral establishment goes out of business, your careful planning may be lost.
For more information, see The Prepaid Funeral and Its Perils.
Setting aside funds. The safest and easiest way to cover the costs of your final arrangements is to estimate costs and tuck away the funds in an easily accessible, interest-earning bank account. You can designate a beneficiary who can claim the funds immediately after your death. Make sure the beneficiary understands what the money is for, however, and that you trust him or her completely, because the beneficiary is under no legal obligation to use the funds for your final arrangements.
For more information about setting up an account to cover the costs of your final arrangements, see Payable-on-Death (POD) Accounts: The Basics.
Writing Down Your Funeral Plans
Beyond simply naming a representative, letting your survivors know what kind of funeral arrangements you want -- including your wishes for ceremonies and whether you want to be buried or cremated -- will save them the difficulty of making these decisions during an emotional and stressful time.
In Utah, a funeral service director must carry out your signed, witnessed or notarized written instructions as long as they are legal and you have provided sufficient resources to cover the cost. (Utah Code § 58-9-601(2).)
Nolo offers several tools to help you document your wishes for final arrangements. Each one walks you step-by-step through the process, so you won’t miss any important issues.
- Quicken WillMaker Plus can create a final arrangements document for you. The software program asks you questions about what you want and produces a detailed document you can give to others. As mentioned above, you can also use the program to make a Utah advance directive that names your health care agent to direct your final plans.
- Get It Together: Organize Your Records So Your Family Won't Have To, by Melanie Cullen with Shae Irving, is a workbook that provides a complete system for documenting information for your executor and family members, including your wishes for final arrangements.
- Nolo’s Final Arrangements Kit includes all the basic forms and instructions you need to document your final wishes.
Where to Store Your Funeral Plans
While there are many ways to write down your wishes for final arrangements and make them clear, here’s a firm piece of advice to follow: Don’t put them in your will. Your will may not be read until weeks after your death -- far too late to help your survivors. It’s better to prepare a separate document.
Store your final arrangements paperwork in a safe place and be sure your loved ones know where to look when the time comes. It may be helpful to make copies and tell them where to find the originals when they’re needed. If you do so, be sure to keep a list of everyone with copies, in case you need to get them back and change them later.
To find the laws covering funeral arrangements in Utah, plus a link to file a complaint against a funeral services provider, visit the website of the Utah Division of Occupational and Professional Licensing.
To learn more about making your final arrangements, see Getting Your Affairs in Order on Nolo.com.