Illinois Bankruptcy Exemptions
Learn what property you can protect in bankruptcy under Illinois bankruptcy exemption laws.
If you file for Chapter 7 bankruptcy in Illinois, you can protect some or all of your property with Illinois’ bankruptcy exemptions. The bankruptcy exemptions in Illinois also play a role in Chapter 13 bankruptcy. Read on to learn about what property is covered by Illinois’ bankruptcy exemptions.
For a general overview of bankruptcy exemptions, visit the Bankruptcy Exemption topic page.
Note: Although one court has held that the Illinois Wage Deduction Act creates a bankruptcy exemption, In re Mayer, 288 B.R. 869 (Bankr.N.D.Ill.2008) (Wedoff, J.), most other Illinois courts addressing the issue have found that it does not. In re Radzilowsky, 448 B.R 767 (Bankr.N.D.Ill. May 6, 2011); In re Kapusta, 2011 WL 2173675 (CD. Ill. June 2, 2011); In re Koeneman, 410 B.R. 820 (CD.Ill.2009); In re Thum, 329 B.R. 848 (Bankr.CD.Ill.2005).
Illinois Requires Debtors to Use State Exemptions
Illinois has enacted legislation “opting out” of the federal bankruptcy exemptions. This means that bankruptcy filers in Illinois are only permitted to exempt property using the state laws.
Married Couples May Double Illinois Exemptions
Married couples filing a joint bankruptcy in Illinois may “double” the exemption amount. The effect of this rule is that each spouse may claim the full exemption amount for any property individually owned by that spouse.
Common Illinois Exemptions
Here are some of the most common exemptions available under Illinois law:
Alimony, Support, and Maintenance
You may exempt the amount reasonably necessary for support. 735 ILCS 5/12-1001.
Cemeteries and Burial Funds
You may exempt all pre-need cemetery sales and future care funds. 225 ILCS 45/4a; 760 ILCS 100/4; 815 ILCS 390/16.
Claims for Negligence or Tortious Conduct
You may exempt a payment made to you on account of the wrongful death of a person who was your dependent and up to $15,000 compensation for the personal injury of either yourself or of a person of whom you were dependent.
This exemption extends for two years after the debtor has obtained the right to receive the payments. Property that can be traced back to these payments is exempted for five years after the debtor has received the payment. 735 ILCS 5/12-1001.
Crime Victim’s Compensation
You may exempt 100% of any award given as compensation for a crime.
This exemption extends for two years after the debtor has obtained the right to receive the payments. Property that can be traced back to these payments is exempted for five years after the debtor has received the payment. 735 ILCS 5/12-1001; 740 ILCS 45/18.
Franchise, Permit, and License Interests
You may exempt your liquor permit. 235 ILCS 5/6-1.
Fraternal Benefit Society Benefits
All fraternal benefit society benefits are 100% exempt. 235 ILCS 5/6-1.
Homestead or Residential Property
The homestead exemption protects a certain amount of equity in your home or principal residence. You are allowed to exempt up to $15,000 in a residence, which includes a farm, mobilehome, lot with buildings, condominium, and cooperative. This exemption also includes proceeds from the sale of a homestead for one year. 735 ILCS 5/12-901 et seq.
For more details about how the homestead exemption works in Illinois, see The Illinois Homestead Exemption.
Life insurance, annuity proceeds, or cash value if beneficiary is insured's child, parent, spouse, or other dependent. 215-5/238; 735-5/12-1001(f).
Life insurance proceeds to a spouse or dependent of debtor to extent needed for support. 735-5/12-1001(f),(g)(3).
Homeowner's proceeds if home destroyed, to $15,000. 735-5/12-907.
Health or disability benefits. 735 ILCS 5/12-1001(g)(3)
You may exempt up to $2,400 in one motor vehicle. 735 ILCS 5/12-1001.
To learn more about the Illinois Motor Vehicle exemption, visit The Illinois Motor Vehicle Exemption in Bankruptcy.
Illinois has enacted the Uniform Partnership Act, which exempts a partner’s interest in specific property. 805 ILCS 205/25.
Pension and Retirement Benefits
Pensions for various types of employees. 40 ILCS 5/7-217; 735 ILCS. 5/12-1006.
Tax exempt retirement accounts (such as 401ks and IRAs) are exempt as per the federal rules. For current amounts, see Your Retirement Plan in Bankruptcy.
You may exempt the following personal property:
- Necessary wearing apparel.
- Bible and school books.
- Family pictures.
- Professionally prescribed health aids.
- A certificate of title to any a watercraft over 12 feet in length.
- Personal injury recoveries to $15,000.
- Prepaid tuition trust fund.
- Wrongful death recoveries.
- Illinois College Savings Pool accounts invested more than 1 year before filing if belowfederal gift tax limit, or 2 years before filing if above.
625 ILCS 45/3A-7; 735 ILCS 5/12-1001.
All public assistance is 100% exempt (this includes the earned income tax credit and child tax credit, but only if you have not yet received the funds). 305 ILCS 5/11-3; 735 ILCS 5/12-1001. (Inn re Fish, 224 B.R. 82 (Bankr. S.D. Ill 1998); In re Vasquez, No. 13-32174 (Bankr. N.D. Ill 2014).
You may exempt $1,500 in all tools of your trade, including professional books. 735 ILCS 5/12-1001.
You may exempt 100% of all unemployment compensation except for certain child support claims. 735 ILCS 5/12-1001; 820 ILCS 405/1300.
You may exempt the following amount of your wages:
- 85% of your gross earnings; or
- 45 times the federal minimum hourly wage per week (whichever is greater).
735 ILCS 5/12-803; 740 ILCS 170/4.
$4,000 of any personal property (does not include wages). 735 ILCS 5/12-1001(b).
All workers compensation is 100% exempt. This includes claims and awards for occupational diseases. 820 ILCS 305/21; 820 ILCS 310/21.
All veteran’s benefits are 100% exempt. 735 5/12-1001.
Confirming the Status of Illinois Bankruptcy Exemptions
Illinois’s exemption amounts are adjusted periodically. To make sure you have the most recent figures, be sure to check for any updates at the Illinois General Assembly.
For additional information on how to research and find the latest exemption amounts, see our Legal Research Center.