Texas landlords must follow specific rules and procedures when evicting a tenant (see the article How Evictions Work: What Renters Need to Know, on this site). The state forbids landlords from taking the law into their own hands. Examples of illegal “self-help” evictions include changing the locks, removing the front door, or turning off the heat or electricity—all of which may be the basis for a tenant suing a landlord. A court in Texas may assess a landlord who violates eviction law a civil penalty of one month’s rent plus $1,000, plus award a tenant actual damages, court costs, and reasonable attorney’s fees.
If you decide to sue your landlord for an illegal eviction, check Texas law (you’ll find Texas rules prohibiting self-help evictions at Tex. Prop. Code §§ 92.008, 92.0081, 92.009). See the Laws and Legal Research section of this site for advice on finding and reading statutes.
It’s also a good idea to get advice from a local tenants’ rights group in Texas. The U.S. Department of Housing and Urban Development (HUD) website includes information on tenant advocates for each state. See http://portal.hud.gov/hudportal/HUD?src=/topics/rental_assistance/tenantrights for details.
Finally, consider consulting an experienced tenants’ lawyer. See the article Tips on Hiring and Working With Lawyers on this site for advice.
For a wide range of other articles of interest to tenants, see the Renters’ and Tenants’ Rights section on this site.