How to Form an LLC in Hawaii
To form an LLC in Hawaii, here's everything you need to know.
1. Choose a Name for Your LLC
Under Hawaii law, an LLC name must contain the phrase “Limited Liability Company” or the abbreviation ”L.L.C.,” or “LLC.” ”Limited” may be abbreviated as ”Ltd.,” and “Company” may be abbreviated as ”Co.”
Your LLC’s name must recognizably different from the names of other business entities already on file with the Hawaii Department of Commerce and Consumer Affairs Business Registration Division. Names may be checked for availability by searching the Business Registration Division business name database. You may reserve a name by filing an Application for Reservation of Name with the Business Registration Division. The reservation fee is $10.
2. File Articles of Organization
An Hawaii LLC is created by filing Articles of Organization For Limited Liability Company with the Hawaii Department of Commerce and Consumer Affairs Business Registration Division. The articles must include the LLC's name and address, the name and address of the registered agent; the organizers' names and addresses; a statement whether the LLC will be managed by members or managers; a statement whether the LLC's members are to be liable for the company's debts and obligations; and the duration of the LLC if not perpetual.
The filing fee is $50. The articles may be filed online or by mail.
All of the paperwork and procedural steps to start a limited liability company in Hawaii can be done online using Nolo's Hawaii Online LLC Formation application.
3. Appoint a Registered Agent
Every Hawaii LLC must have an agent for service of process in the state. This is an individual or business entity that agrees to accept legal papers on the LLC’s behalf if it is sued. A registered agent may be an individual who resides in Hawaii, or a domestic or foreign business authorized to transact business in Hawaii. The registered agent must have a physical street address in Hawaii.
4. Prepare an Operating Agreement
An LLC operating agreement is not required in Hawaii, but is highly advisable. For help creating an LLC operating agreement, see Form Your Own Limited Liability Company, by Anthony Mancuso (Nolo) or use Nolo’s Online LLC. If an operating agreement is created, it need not be filed with the Articles of Organization.
5. Publication Requirements
6. Comply With Other Tax and Regulatory Requirements
Additional tax and regulatory requirements may apply to your LLC. These may include:
EIN: If your LLC has more than one member, it must obtain its own IRS Employer Identification Number (EIN), even if it has no employees. If you form a one-member LLC, you must obtain an EIN for it only if it will have employees or you elect to have it taxed as a corporation instead of a sole proprietorship (disregarded entity). You may obtain an EIN by completing an online application on the IRS website. There is no filing fee.
Business Licenses: Depending on its type of business and where it is located, your LLC may need to obtain other local and state business licenses.
Register with Department of Taxation: In some cases, for example if you will be selling goods and collecting general excise tax or if you have employees, you’ll need to register with the Hawaii Department of Taxation (DOT). You can register either online (through Hawaii Business Express) or on paper (Form BB-1). For more information on state LLC tax registration, see Nolo's article LLC Annual Report and Tax Filing Requirements: A 50-State Guide.
7. File Annual Registrations
All LLCs doing business in Hawaii must file an annual report with the Business Registration Division and pay a $15 filing fee. The report may be filed online or or you may print out the Domestic Limited Liability Company Annual Report form (Form C5) and file by mail. The state will send an annual report reminder to your LLC. The annual report is due during the calendar quarter of the anniversary month of your LLC's formation. For example, if your LLC was formed on July 15, then your report would be due each subsequent year between July 1 and—at the latest—September 30. An annual report is not required to be filed in the year the domestic LLC was organized.
8. Foreign LLCs Doing Business in Hawaii
To do business in Hawaii, all LLCs organized outside the state must register with the Hawaii Department of Commerce and Consumer Affairs Business Registration Division. Foreign LLCs must appoint a registered agent for service of process physically located in Hawaii. To register, file an Application for Certificate of Authority (Form FLCC-1).
The completed application must be accompanied by a Certificate of Existence from the foreign LLC’s home state, dated no more than 60 days prior to the filing of the certificate.
The filing fee is $50. The form may be filed online or by mail .