Keep Your House With Chapter 7 Bankruptcy

You can use Chapter 7 bankruptcy to save your house if:

  • you are current on your mortgage payments when you file (or you can get current in a hurry), and
  • your equity in the house (if any) is adequately protected by the exemption laws available to you in your state.

If you are not (and can’t get) current on your payments, Chapter 7 bankruptcy will be only a temporary remedy. The lender will be able to proceed with a foreclosure within two or three months. You should instead explore Chapter 13 bankruptcy, which provides a way for you to keep your house by spreading out your missed payments over several years. (See our article on stopping foreclosure with Chapter 13 bankruptcy.)

Staying Current on Your Payments

Suppose you are current on your payments but expect to fall behind in the very near future for one reason or another. This might be the case if your mortgage interest rate is due to reset higher, you’ve reached the principal cap on an interest-only loan, or you have just lost some work hours or been laid off.

In these and similar situations, Chapter 7 bankruptcy may be a big help. Except for a few categories of debt, you can eliminate virtually all your unsecured debt in about three months. That’s right, all your credit card debt, personal loans, medical debts, money judgments, and car repossession deficiencies go away. Once your unsecured debt load is eliminated or greatly reduced, you will have a much better chance of paying your mortgage.

Once you file, you may not be able to change your mind. For example, if you file for Chapter 7 and then discover that you won’t be able to keep your house because it has too much equity, you probably won’t be allowed to back out and dismiss your bankruptcy case. This is because your right to dismiss is based on the best interests of your creditors, and if the creditors would receive a distribution from the sale of your house, their interests require the bankruptcy to go forward.

Protecting Your Equity

In every Chapter 7 case, the bankruptcy trustee is primarily interested in finding property belonging to the debtor that can be sold for the benefit of the creditors. Unless selling the property would produce money for the creditors, the trustee isn’t interested in it. The measure of value in property that might benefit creditors is called “equity,” and the primary purpose of exemptions is to protect this equity by requiring the trustee to pay you the amount of the exemption if the property is sold. Selling property that’s covered by an exemption would benefit you, not your creditors, so the trustee won’t sell it—and you’ll get to keep it free and clear.â

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