Discrimination Based on Genetic Information
The Genetic Information Nondiscrimination Act (GINA) is the newest civil rights law on the books. GINA makes it illegal for employers to gather or use genetic information, such as the results of genetic tests or the manifestation of a particular hereditary disease or disorder in an employee's or applicant's family. Employers may not discriminate based on an employee's or applicant's genetic information (or the genetic information of an employee's or applicant's family member). And, employers are required to maintain the confidentiality of any genetic information they obtain through legal means.