Can a judge modify a sentence in my favor after I’ve been convicted and sentenced?

Judges retain the power to modify sentences, but do so rarely.

Question

Can a judge modify a sentence in my favor after I’ve been convicted and sentenced?

Answer

Yes, under certain circumstances. Like rules in many states, Rule 35 of the Federal Rules of Criminal Procedure authorizes judges to reduce the sentence of a defendant who provides information that leads to the investigation or prosecution of another person. Also, a general principle is that “the power to grant probation includes the power to modify it.” In many states, judges can reward an offender’s good conduct by terminating probation early, shortening the duration of probation, and even shortening a term of incarceration that was imposed as a condition of probation.

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