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Before you can sue your employer for discrimination or harassment, you must first file a charge with the Equal Employment Opportunity Commission (EEOC), the federal agency that enforces laws prohibiting discrimination, or your state's fair employment practices agency. Once you have filed a charge and gone through the agency's process, you have only a short time in which to file a lawsuit.
The articles below describe these procedures and provide information on your rights -- including the right to work free of retaliation, if you bring a complaint. The EEOC reports that more charges allege retaliation than any type of discrimination; if you are mistreated, disciplined, or fired for complaining of discrimination or harassment, you may have a retaliation claim to add to your charge or lawsuit.